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Gastroesophageal reflux is a disease that causes the rise in stomach contents through the esophagus to the mouth. It is very common in newborns and young children, affecting 1 to 8% of breastfed babies.
This ailment, which can have consequences for the respiratory tract and cause esophageal damage, is also very important in the issue of infant feeding, since vomiting and regurgitation can cause nutritional problems.
It should be noted that gastroesophageal reflux is only considered pathological if maintained once the baby reaches six months, but the dietary recommendations should be maintained before and after this date if such a problem exists.
The National Institute of Pediatrics of Mexico (INP) recommends first of all maintaining breastfeeding for the necessary time, since the mother's milk contains adequate energy needs and has rapid gastric emptying, reducing the number of refluxes.
To reduce reflux, the mother will hold the baby upright and without much movement after each feeding. Also, you should try to burp several times.
When six months pass, new foods should be included, and in the case of keeping breast milk or using formula milk, it can thicken. For this they are used cereals or gums that reduce irritability and vomiting.
If it is thickened with cereals, an amount of between 5 and 12% should be added, using oats or corn. The rubbers recommended by the INP are rubber guar or carob. This thickening technique should not be prolonged too long because it increases the cases of obesity, diarrhea and constipation.
Other recommendations for feeding babies with this discomfort are the use of anti-reflux formulas, avoid giving the little broth, juice or tea, keep the food at room temperature and avoid irritating fats and solid foods such as tomatoes, spices, condiments or chocolate.
Sources:National Institute of Pediatrics of Mexico
Patricia garcia. Editor of our site
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