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Straight teeth are not just a matter of appearance
Simple and healthy teeth add charm, and nice teeth affect the attractiveness rating. However, contrary to appearances, this is not the most important thing. When the teeth are incorrectly positioned, they are harder to care for. Getting into any place and careful removal of food residue becomes a problem, which unfortunately increases the risk of tooth decay. In addition, crooked dentition promotes uneven tooth wear and causes enamel losses. There is something else - crooked teeth may be responsible for speech therapy problems, in the future they may contribute to gum and periodontal disease.
When to orthodontist?
The first check-up appointment with the orthodontist should be planned when the child develops permanent teeth. It is often ordered by a dentist, observing the child's teeth replacement process. Usually, parents with children aged 6-12 years are invited for consultation (sometimes it is necessary to check in advance when the child is two years old and a set of milk teeth).
Orthodontist intervention may require situations where the child:
- his mouth is constantly open, he breathes through his mouth,
- have crowded teeth or gaps between the teeth,
- shows abnormal habits such as finger sucking, biting nails,
- has a protruding or retracted chin,
- has trouble chewing or biting
- clenches or grits teeth,
- has speech impediments
- has facial asymmetry.
Some malocclusion in children is better to treat when the child is small - he is 5-7 years old, others definitely later, when you can count on better cooperation with a young person. The doctor decides whether or not a child needs orthodontic treatment.
How is the treatment for the orthodontist?
The first visit to the orthodontist usually consists in checking the alignment of the teeth, it is painless. Your doctor will check if your teeth are growing straight, whether they are correctly positioned, whether the jaw is large enough to hold new teeth.
Orthodontic treatment consists in correcting the bite and aligning the teeth. The orthodontist can correct the forward or backward extension of the teeth, and can also make room for new teeth by widening the jaw.
Usually, treatment is prescribed for treatment mobile apparatus (during the period of primary and mixed teeth) - assumed during the day for several hours and during the night or fixed apparatus (in the case of permanent teeth), which is not extracted throughout the entire treatment period. The device is prepared individually for each patient. For this purpose, a pantomographic x-ray and impressions are taken.
The orthodontist's average tooth treatment time lasts around 2-2.5 years. Sometimes, in difficult cases or when the patient does not comply with the recommendations, it can last for 4 years. During treatment, follow-up visits and camera adjustments are required every 4-6 weeks.