Preschooler

Hypothyroidism in children

Hypothyroidism in children



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Lack of energy, apathy, drowsiness, feeling cold, slow growth, excessive hair loss, pale skin. All these may be signs of a thyroid malfunction. If you observe them, see a doctor, maybe the problem is hypothyroidism in children.

Why does the child have a thyroid gland?

The thyroid gland is present in both an adult and a child. Although it is small, it is of great importance. It has the shape of a small bow tie or butterfly located in front of the neck. Produces hormones known as T4 (thyroxine) and T3 (triiodothyronine), necessary for the proper functioning of the body. These hormones control the speed at which the body uses energy, and also determine how fast children grow.

Thyroid function can be compared to thermostat. If this gland is hyperactive, it is too warm at home, if it does not secrete enough hormones, then the temperature drops.

There are two main thyroid diseases. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the gland is too active and secretes too much hormone. Hypothyroidism, in turn, is diagnosed when the level of hormones in the blood is too low.

Where does hypothyroidism come from in children?

Scientists are not sure where hypothyroidism in children comes from, what are the specific reasons why this gland begins to malfunction. It is not a disease that can be infected, or one that results directly and unequivocally from improper nutrition. Most likely the disease tendency remains genetically transmitted and if your parents or grandparents have a thyroid disease, your child may also have a gland problem.

Hypothyroidism and children may be present from birth. This happens when the toddler is born without the thyroid gland or the thyroid gland is not educated enough to perform its function. Thyroid problems can result from not enough iodine in the diet, which is much less common today than it used to be. Since iodine is added to salt, its deficiency is not so common.

Hypothyroidism may also have another source - arise while taking certain medicines, blocking the gland from producing enough hormones.

Hypothyroidism in children: symptoms

Hypothyroidism in children is rarely asymptomatic. Most often sends unambiguous signals:

  • fatigue,
  • lack of energy,
  • slower heartbeat
  • constant feeling of cold
  • fragility of hair, hair loss,
  • dry, pale or yellow skin
  • constipation,
  • slow growing
  • slowing puberty or stopping this process,
  • easier weight gain
  • goiter (can occur with both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism).

Hypothyroidism - diagnosis and treatment

The doctor diagnoses hypothyroidism on the basis of an interview, physical examination and analysis of blood results. Ultrasound is rare in children (if your doctor senses a lump in your thyroid).

The good news is that hypothyroidism is easy to treat. It requires taking pills every day and controlling hormone levels at the doctor's. With a little commitment, the disease can be well controlled and any negative symptoms averted.