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A small guide on breastfeeding

A small guide on breastfeeding



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Feminine food is the best giftthat a young mother can pass on to her little one. It is not without reason that "female milk banks" are created in the world, and what is important, they are very popular. In this article I would like to explain why breastfeeding is worth doing and how to do it right.

Breastfeeding has the best chance of success when the mother has it strength and desire to feed your baby after delivery (preferably up to 30 minutes after delivery), the newborn will be able to coordinate sucking, swallowing food and breathing, and the midwife will both facilitate the best start.

Why breastfeed

The benefits of breastfeeding are obvious. For the mother they will be: faster weight loss, less risk of breast cancer, ovarian cancer and osteoporosis, as well as reduced risk of iron deficiency anemia and prevention of postpartum hemorrhage (the newborn lying on the mother naturally "massages" the uterus, stimulating it to contractions, in addition, sucking contributes to the release of a large amount of oxytocin, which is responsible for contraction of the uterus).

Breastfeeding also favors gentle and tender attitude towards the child and awakens the woman's joy and satisfaction with motherhood. Each of us has food ideally suited to the child's age and needs, its composition changes during the day or even during feeding. The milk produced in the evening is therefore more caloric, so that the newborn baby can sleep peacefully at least a few hours at night, and the daily food is more easily digestible. At the beginning of each feeding of babies quenches his thirst, the food then has a lower nutritional value, but allows the child to drink. After a few minutes, the newborn baby begins to eat - milk changes its composition and becomes more caloric. This is why it is important to spend a little more time feeding. After 3 minutes of attaching to the breast, the baby will not be full, and will start demanding breasts much faster. Proper feeding should last a minimum of 15 min.

The variability of food ensures optimal development of the child. Another benefit of natural feeding is that the newborn has less risk of developing acute and chronic diseases. Infections in breast-fed children have a lighter course, hospitalization is less needed. This is because many protective substances, such as antibodies or immunoglobulins, are contained in the mother's food. The newborn assimilates them with milk, and its immunity is much higher. The same substances cause a lower risk of allergic diseases in breast-fed children.

Feeding also prevents malocclusion and has a very beneficial effect on speech development and articulation. No specialist bottle or super modern teat will counterfeit the breast suction mechanism! In addition, the argument for eco-mothers, feeding is environmentally friendly, and milk is always ready to be given to the baby.

Nipple shape and breastfeeding

There is no "standard" wart, let's not evaluate breasts and warts before delivery in terms of their suitability for feeding. Small breasts do not always mean little food, and a concave nipple does not always mean failure in feeding. When the position and attachment of the baby's breast are correct, almost all breasts and nipple shapes allow for effective feeding. The use of so-called niplets, or Hoffman's exercises (they consist of gripping between the index finger and thumb of the nipple, and then rubbing alternately once to the left and once to the right) is not necessary, because the child sucking does not grip the nipple, but a significant part of the areola. Much better results are achieved by putting the child to the breast correctly. It helps to capture the breast in the so-called "sandwich" grip, i.e. a strong flattening of the breast on the areola according to the position of the child's lips. This is the easiest way to put a baby to your breast.

The baby learns to suck only after delivery. Effective sucking is possible when the baby has a good grip on the breast. He must be in his mouth wart and significant part of the areola; a good grip depends on how the breast is fed. It is important that it is good to change the position of the child so that the entire mammary gland is stimulated. The area of ​​the gland that is under the child's chin is best stimulated and emptied. It is also important to stabilize the whole body of the child so that he feels confident during feeding. With proper breastfeeding the child's head and body are in a straight line, the face is turned towards the breast, the child's mouth is wide open, lips turned out "like a fish". When sucking, the baby's cheeks are rounded and his chin touches the breast.

Features of proper suction

  • baby's nose and chin touch breasts
  • the nipple with a large part of the areola is in a wide open mouth. The lips and lips are turned up.
  • the cheeks do not sag when sucking
  • no clicking sound
  • swallowing is heard
  • feeding is accompanied by a tingling sensation, not pain!

What are the best breastfeeding positions:

  • Classic position - gives you the ability to control the way in which the child grabs and sucks the breast, it is easy to correct any errors. Using this position, support your right breast with your left hand and hold your baby's head with your right hand. When feeding while sitting, supports, or even a rolled blanket, on which we can lay the baby, are useful.
  • Cross position - similar to the classic position, except that the hands are inverted: the left hand supports the left breast, and the right hand supports the child's head. This position gives better control over sucking, it is beneficial for premature babies and children with reduced muscle tone.
  • Underarm position - convenient for mothers with large breasts or with flat or concave nipples, also for women after cesarean section. Beneficial for premature babies, poorly suckling and poorly gaining weight, or having difficulty gripping the breasts. It is also convenient for simultaneous feeding of twins. The position from under the armpit consists in grasping the baby's left breast with the right hand and the baby's head with the right hand, so the newborn is not on the mother's stomach, but is supported by the mother's arm and lies on the side.

How often do you breastfeed?

IN 1.-2. day, the child is inactive during feeding; in the following days the number of feedings should not be less than 8, according to the rhythm set by the child. Severe delivery, administration of pharmacological agents during delivery, infection, physiological jaundice may cause that the child does not signal hunger. They should then be woken up every 3 hours (no more than 4 hours must pass from the end of the previous feeding) and the milk swallowing time should be monitored.

How to encourage a baby to suck?

It often happens that "zero hour" long ago, and our toddler or thinking about food. In this case, he should be encouraged to suck. Start by changing diapers and massaging soles of bare feet. When the baby is lying next to the breast, it may be useful to massage the muscles around the mouth and squeeze a few drops of milk from the breast, after which you should touch the toddler's lips with a wart. Breastfeeding should be changed frequently during feeding, and when changing breasts, the child should be upright. A good way is also gently massaging the breast "moving" food towards the baby and massaging the muscles of the throat with the fingertip of the index finger moving the baby's neck in the rhythm of swallowing milk.

Every nursing mother knows that she is lactating it's not always a bed of roses. Natural feeding is associated with many sacrifices (ranging from diet to time spent on feeding) and problems (from milk crisis to wounded warts). However, I hope that this will not discourage you from feeding. This period will definitely remain in your memory forever. Good luck and congratulations to all nursing mothers!